Industrial Revolution - Textile Industry
The textile industry significantly grew during the Industrial Revolution. The demand for cloth grew, so merchants had to compete with others for the supplies to make it. This raised a problem for the consumer because the products were at a higher cost. The solution was to use machinery, which was cheaper then products made by hand (which took a long time to create), therefore allowing the cloth to be cheaper to the consumer. In 1813, Francis Cabot Lowell set up the first American textile factory. It combined the tasks that were needed to transform raw cotton into finished cotton. One of the new spinning machines to produce cloth faster was the “spinning jenny,” invented by Englishman James Hargreaves. This new machine connected multiple spinning wheels in such a manner that up to eight threads can be processed at once. Unfortunately, this machine was so beneficial that it replaced workers- resulting in riots. In 1789, Samuel Slater memorized the secrets to textile manufacturing and brought them over to America to build the first water-powered cotton mill in America; being set up in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.